Trinox Samoni has arrived. In Bessus Nouiogalation, these are the three nights in which Taranis does battle with His archenemy, Andangianos (the great dragon/serpent). It is now that the yearly battle takes place in which Samos prevails over Giamos. That kind of battle: against chaos and entropy has an infinite number of parallels in our own world. What I have found however, is that the notions of chaos and order are quite poorly understood at the macro level.
In Galatibessus, it’s encapsulated in the philosophical dichotomy of Samos and Giamos. In this case, we aren’t necessarily speaking of the seasons that bear these names, though the connotation is present. For a little more depth on the matter, I refer the reader to this article published by Segomâros Widugeni. While not an attested philosophy, it is a useful tool to help understand how the Gauls perceived opposing forces. This can be seen in the Sequanni (Coligny) Calendar, for example.
For a brief summary: Samos reflects the ordered, light, the philosophical, summer, Albios. Giamos reflects the chaotic, dark, the instinctual, winter, Dubnos. An synopsis of the previous take and my own combined. Due to the timing of this piece, we’ll focus on Samos and the connotation of order within.
This bears the need for two words: Diassus and Anassus. The first word meaning “from that which is ordered, ordained according to ritual”. Be aware that though attested, it is not guaranteed as Xavier Delamarre mentions on p. 144 of ‘Dictionnaire de la Langue Gauloise‘. But it conveys the point well enough. The second is a nouiouepos (new word, neologism — as that word is as well!) denoting that which is not what is ordained and ordered.
In Western cultures, some more than others, individualism reigns supreme. Because of this, there is an inherent backlash to the mention of something like Diassus. The ordered implies to many (especially but not limited to Americans) that which stifles and forces conformity. Especially when brought up in right wing contexts and spaces. What a poor rap the ordered has been given indeed! In particular, an inaccurate one.
The inherent issue in this is that for Diassus to exist, things must be optimally in place. Meaning agreeable to as many elements of a structure as possible. If not, it only plants the seeds for Anassus later. Order cannot be established if the attempts to bring it about guarantee future disorder. I may have a stack of books on a table. I may always know where those books are. But leaving them in a high traffic place means they’re likely to fall, or have something spilled upon them.
I haven’t in that case established actual order. While I established what I thought was order, it sets up many situations in which that order collapses. Where instead, the established, correct, and proven way to store books is usually on a designated bookshelf. Which keeps them safely away from things that would cause more problems in the future. This doesn’t mean an older way of doing something is always best, and this is why order doesn’t mean stagnation. After all, bookshelves didn’t always exist.
As such, Diassus, order, exists when proven effective ideas and actions are exercised in an optimal fashion. This may be in a time tested formula, or in a new process that proves itself more effective. A new process comes in when an old one has been proven false. It becomes the time tested formula when it proves it works. This is because order seeks to correct itself. It isn’t perfection, but that which seeks to continually improve, insofar to better serve. This isn’t to say that Anassus, the chaotic, doesn’t have its place or purpose. But that it only can do so if the direction is toward that correction.
This means the principle of Samos is Diassus, and Giamos, Anassus. To tie back to the beginning, Andangianos in BNG lore, the archenemy of Taranis has his time. However, Samos, Diassus, must be restored. For this reason Taranis must be ready for this fight every year. Let us honour Him by making each literal Samos (summer) better than the last.
Trinox Samoni dagon suos.